Vertical gardens are one of the latest trends, and yet it is one of the oldest. Perhaps you have already grown a vine or ivy on a fence or trellis?
It is the perfect solution for almost any garden – inside or outside and that with minimum space requirements.
The Vertical greening can draw attention to a particular area or unattractive or unwanted views disguise. Climbers or columnar trees transform the indoor climate and serve as a visual barrier. Use of the grating, which is attached to the floor or large plant containers, you can see vines, flowers, and vegetables grow. Vertical gardens require much less space than the conventional garden planning.
Evergreen plantations on vertical walls can be a boon for city dwellers who do not have much space. Of course, they are also suitable for gardeners with large, traditional gardens. Inside you can grow houseplants as living walls, by creating a tapestry with beautiful color and texture. You decorate the living room with fresh greens while they filter the air pollutants. In cold climates in winter, houseplants add a much-needed moisture in the interior when the furnace dries the air. Vertical gardens are becoming more involved in hotels and office buildings as living walls. Although the vertical gardens could often require irrigation, they provide a good air circulation.
Green or living walls are the latest trends in the vertical garden. Some are simply walls covered with climbing plants, while others represent a modular system that can grow within the structures in the plant.
The French botanist Patrick Blanc is considered the father of the vertical gardens. He designed his first project on the facade of the Museum of Science and Industry in Paris in 1988. Dozens of his other works are now installed in indoor and outdoor areas around the world. Blanc describes his projects as a living painting or vegetal walls.
To create a plant wall with Blanc methods, you need a metal frame, a sheet of hard plastic and felt. The frame can be hung on the wall or can be used alone leave. The rigid plastic that is fixed to the frame makes the wall waterproof. The plant roots grow into the felt, the evenly distributed water and fertilizer. The choice of location depends on the amount of light and other growing conditions. In addition to watering and fertilizing the green walls require other maintenance, including pruning, dusting, weeding, and replace the dead plants. Vertical gardens are thick, so you talk with an expert, to ensure that your wall can discharge the load.
Special features and tips for the construction of vertical gardens
Consider the following when creating their vertical outdoor garden:
- The anchor of your structure in place before planting will allow you not to disturb the roots or stems of the plants afterward. Use stable structures for heavy or demanding plants.
- Tall plants and structures cast shadows that can affect the growing near plants.
- Plants grow differently. Some, such as climbing roses, must be physically attached to structures, while others, such as arable winds itself wound around the latticework.
- Plants which are grown vertically often need irrigation and fertilization, because they are exposed to more light and wind.
Plant species for vertical gardens
A wide variety of plants can be used to green walls, where the lighting conditions determine the choice of investment.
For traditional vertical gardening, consider these options:
- Annual flowering vines that are not too heavy – Black-eyed Susan (Thunbergia alata), Cardinal (Ipomoea x multifida), spring (Ipomoea Quamoclit), moonflower (Ipomoea alba), scarlet runner bean (Phaseolus coccineus) and hyacinth bean (Dolichos lablab). All grow best in full sun.
- For easy growing perennial vine Clematis hybrids, Celastrus scandens (Celastrus scandens) and ivy include (Hedera). All grow best in full sun; The Clematis prefer their flowers in the sun and to have their roots in the shade.
- Climbers for shade – variegated kiwi (Actinidia Kolomikta) Fingerblättrige Akebie (Akebia quinata) pipevine (Aristolochia macrophylla) and Climbing hydrangea (Hydrangea petiolaris).
- Fruit plants, which are also ideal for vertical gardening, grape varieties are as small-fruited Kiwi (Actinidia deliciosa), gooseberry (Actinidia arguta), edible flowers like nasturtiums and vegetables such as peas, squash, tomatoes and pole beans.
- Columnar plants create a vertical eye-catcher. Many can be grown without the support structure. Columnar apple trees, arborvitae (Thuja occidentalis), juniper (Juniperus scopulorum) or black poplar (Populus nigra).
Fences, axes, grid, steel pipe scaffolding and other types of structures make it easy plants to grow vertically. Hanging baskets can be used as elements of the vertical gardens, because they may break the horizontal plane of gardening.
If you have an existing structure such as an arbor or garage, and a grid in front of one of the walls, so that the plants have a supportive structure, and do not cause damage to the wall. Be sure to leave some space between the grid and the wall for air circulation.