Japanese Garden Art – The Japanese garden used elements such as ponds, streams, and hills island to recreate a miniature version of the natural landscape. In this, the most important and most frequently used elements of Japanese garden design are summarized.
Even in ancient times, the Stones have played a vital role in Japanese culture. In Shinto, the native belief that large stones are worshiped as kami or the holy spirits of Shinto. The river stones are used as the indicator for holy places. Today, elements of Japanese garden design are usually symbolizing large stones, the mountains, and hills, and be used as decorative accents for bridge and paths. Smaller stones are used to surround ponds and streams. Meanwhile, there are dry gardens, made entirely of stone. The big rocks represent mountains, island and waterfalls and small river stones represent the water.
The ponds are some of the central elements of Japanese garden art and very often make lakes and oceans represent. Sometimes the ponds are home to koi carp, which additionally bring life and vitality to the garden. In the dry gardens, the ponds and streams of small river stones and Sang are represented. In Japan gardens that serve as a recreational park, the ponds can be used for boating, to reach the beautiful pavilions on the islands in the middle of the pond.
The island is another long-standing elements of Japanese garden art. Their size varies from a single stone to large islands, where there is enough space for buildings. The very often represent real island or have a religious significance. Some island serves turtles and cranes represent longevity and health. The bridges are another pervasive element, connect the island and crossing ponds and streams. The bridges are often made of stone or wood and have different levels of complexity.
Trees, bushes, lawns, and flowers are common elements of Japanese garden art. Plants like maple and cherry are often chosen for their beautiful flowers and colors in particular seasons. Conversely, pine, bamboo, and plum are particularly appreciated for their beauty in winter, when the other plants are dormant. The moss is also very frequently used. The plants are very carefully arranged in the garden to imitate a natural landscape. The plants get extraordinary care and outcomes and are always kept clean and fresh. In winter, the delicate vegetation is protected thoroughly from the cold by any means.
Larger gardens, especially the theme parks of the Edo period, contain large hills artificially formed. These hills are symbols for real or mystical mountains. From the top of the hill, you can enjoy the very breathtaking view.
The lanterns are essential elements of Japanese garden art and have different sizes and shapes. In most cases, the lamps are made of stone and placed on specially preselected places, such as on islands and near important buildings, where they can back up light and aesthetics. The lanterns are often combined with water basin, which compiled a major component of the Japanese teahouse represent.
In many gardens, Japan ponds can be seen from stone that Tsukubai is called. This element is a part of the tea ceremony and is used for ritual purification. The pools come in different forms. Some have the simple design, and others are engraved with elaborate decoration. Nowadays, they have a more traditional and practical value in most cases.
The path is also one of the most important elements of Japanese garden art. The gardens are inserted in the Parks and tea most. In the Parks, there are mainly circular paths with steps made of stone, sometimes covered with sand or small boulders. The paths are carefully considered to take visitors to the most famous and beautiful places. The paths are often used to separate individual areas so that they are perceived as different areas.
Many types of gardens are adapted to be observed from inside the house. The gardens are to be provided seen and accessed from inside. Therefore, the buildings are often seen as part of the garden, pavilions, tea houses and guest houses included.
The borrowed landscape is an important concept of the Japanese garden – incorporate the background scenery except for the garden indoors in the garden design. The natural objects such as mountains and hills, as well as artificial objects such as guarantor or locks, can be used as a borrowed landscape. Nowadays, high-rise buildings and skyscrapers have become a traditional interior of the borrowed landscape.